| Are You a Tool of the State?
Abstract: Herein we propose a simple test to determine if you are a tool of the state. The test also
determines your reliability as a tool if you are a tool of the state and your risk of becoming a tool if you are
not a tool of the state. This study is brought to you by the People Advocating Truth, Responsibility,
Individuality & Opposing Tyranny (PATRIOT) advocacy group. The satisfactory completion of the test will
henceforth be referred to as a PATRIOT ACT.
Background: One frequently encounters tools of the state in everyday life and reads about them in
numerous publications. There are other people who act like or appear to be tools of the state but, to
some degree, are not. The first group has completely abdicated their freedom of choice and their
conscience to the state. The state is, for all practical purposes, their operator, and they are nothing more
than automatons who carry out the state’s commands. The latter are not always tools of the state. They
may actually hate the state, but for reasons of fear or self-interest they act as tools of the state under
certain circumstances. For example, this clerk of the National Archives appears to be a tool of the state:
“Ask again,” he hissed, “and I will call security to remove you from the building and have you barred as a
The person asking the question was Sarah Whalen, a professor at Loyola University School of Law,
researching Saudi Arabian History. But perhaps the clerk has a wife and children to support and has
been threatened with imprisonment if he were to comply with the professor’s wishes. Perhaps he hates
the state and is surreptitiously providing documents to researchers who know as secret password. A
more common example of seeming tools of the state are the many people we see since the invasion of
Iraq driving with flags affixed to their cars. Perhaps they have a loved one in Iraq and are attending “Bring
Them Home” rallies and the flag on their vehicle is just an illogical way of showing solidarity with their
loved one. On the other hand, if they have no loved one involved, those with newly placed flags on their
vehicles are probably tools of the state.
There are certain special occasions when it is important to know if one is dealing with a tool of the state.
Otherwise, one might unnecessarily place one’s liberty and privacy at risk, or waste valuable time under
the impression that they are talking to a real, live, thinking human being rather than just a tool. These
times include, but are not limited to, talking on the telephone, visiting the library, and using e-mail on the
To accurately assess whether or not others are tools of the state, one must first be sure that one is not a
tool of the state themselves, or if one is, to what degree. Because becoming a tool of the state can be an
unconscious process, a process that began in early childhood, this can be difficult to determine.
What is needed is a simple test that can be performed with commonly available equipment and
accurately reflects whether or not one is a tool of the state. The test should not require technical skills
beyond those possessed by the average person. While the test as described is always preferable, one
should be able to modify the test to account for physical disability, or perform the test mentally if that is
the only option available. Below, we outline a test that should satisfy these criteria.
Materials and Methods: The test involves driving a car past a stop sign without stopping. The test
subject will require a motor vehicle in operating condition, the technical ability to drive the vehicle and an
intersection with a stop sign and good visibility (at least ½ mile or approximately 1 kilometer) in all
directions. One competent, reliable spotter for each direction of crossing traffic may be required. One
may substitute a traffic light for a stop sign, but this option may require waiting for the light to turn red
before one proceeds. If a vehicle or the ability to drive is a problem, one may substitute a bicycle or
wheelchair, or simply walk. If necessary, one may perform the experiment as a mental exercise, but in
this case, honesty is a limiting factor.
Passing straight through stop signs without stopping is illegal in every jurisdiction we can identify.
Federal, state and local law prohibits such activity. We assume that the state (here we refer to federal,
state, and local jurisdictions) passes such laws for the safety of individuals who use the roadways.
Therefore, if the safety of individuals is not at issue, there is no reason to bring one’s vehicle to a halt
when approaching a stop sign. Nonetheless, no jurisdiction we can identify allows one to pass straight
through a stop sign even under these conditions. Under conditions where safety is not an issue, blind
obedience to the state would be the only reason to slow or stop one’s vehicle when approaching a stop
sign. It is noted that slowing or stopping does waste energy and time.
(Ed. Here we anticipate certain arguments that cite precedent and the idea that some individuals with
good vision may not reliably be able to spot a vehicle approaching on a road with adequate visibility for
½ mile. In response the authors would note that incompetence or unreliability are disqualifying factors
for the test, and in any case, stupidity and incompetence are risk factors for vehicle accidents
independent of any issue of stop signs.)
To perform the test, one simply identifies an intersection that fits the criteria above, and during an
interval when no vehicle is within ½ mile in any direction, drives straight through the intersection without
stopping. (Spotters are used as required.)
Analysis and Conclusions: Individuals can be categorized based upon the results of their testing:
Tool of the State – These individuals were capable, but even in the absence of law enforcement were
unable to complete the test.
Tool UndeR Duress (TURD) – These individuals completed the test in the absence of law enforcement,
but showed obvious signs of anxiety such as sweating, tremors, and looking behind small bushes for
law enforcement; and showed palpable relief when the test was over.
PATRIOT (acronym previously explained) – These individuals completed the test in the absence of law
enforcement and showed obvious signs of pride, happiness, and the sense that a burden had been
lifted from their shoulders. These individuals might at times feign being a tool of the state for reasons of
expediency or extreme coercion, but always think and act in defense of their liberty and in opposition to
Libertarian – These individuals didn’t give a damn if law enforcement was present or not. They
completed the test without a second thought. When questioned they responded with phrases such as,
“It’s no big deal.” and “Why on earth would I even consider stopping.” The state’s threats and demands
seemed to have no impact on the libertarians’ actions. These individuals are of no use to the state.
(Ed. The authors note that at the time of publication a certain number of the libertarian group have been
charged under various sections of the traffic code as well as for refusal to pay their fines. Some are